New York Citigroup Inc. today reported net income of $2.9 billion, or $0.95 per diluted share, for the first quarter 2012 on revenues of $19.4 billion.
CVA/DVA was a negative $1.3 billion during the first quarter, resulting from the tightening of Citi's credit spreads, compared to a negative $256 million in the prior year period. First quarter results also included a net gain of $477 million from minority investments (see Corporate/Other below). Excluding CVA/DVA and the net gain from minority investments, first quarter revenues were $20.2 billion and earnings were $1.11 per diluted share, up 1% and 7% respectively from the prior year period.
Vikram Pandit, Citi's Chief Executive Officer, said, "While our businesses operated in an improved environment, we also saw the benefit of our investments. We generated revenue growth and had positive operating leverage across all three of Citi's core businesses. Global Consumer Banking, our largest business, produced another quarter of good growth in revenues, net income and key drivers like loans and deposits. Transaction Services had record quarterly revenues as it captured increasing share in global trade finance, and Securities and Banking rebounded strongly with year-over-year revenue growth excluding the impact of CVA/DVA.
"We continued to wind down our Citi Holdings legacy portfolio, which now stands at 11% of our total assets, while further building capital. With a Tier 1 Common Ratio of 12.4% under Basel I and an estimated Tier 1 Common Ratio of 7.2% under Basel III, we continue to be one of the best capitalized banks in the world.
"While the operating environment improved in the first quarter, there is still much macro uncertainty and we will continue to manage risk carefully. We will continue to leverage the depth and the scale of our global presence to serve our clients and grow our businesses," concluded Mr. Pandit.
Citigroup revenues of $20.7 billion, excluding CVA/DVA, were up 4% from the prior year. Excluding both CVA/DVA and the net gain on minority investments, Citigroup revenues were up 1% from the prior year period, reflecting growth in Citicorp that was partially offset by revenue declines in Citi Holdings.
Citicorp revenues of $18.0 billion in the first quarter 2012 included a negative $1.4 billion of CVA/DVA. Excluding CVA/DVA, Citicorp revenues were $19.4 billion, 6% higher than the first quarter 2011. The increase reflected revenue growth in Citicorp's three businesses with Global Consumer Banking (GCB) revenues 5% higher, Securities and Banking (excluding CVA/DVA) 6% higher and Transaction Services revenues 7% higher versus first quarter 2011.
Citi Holdings revenues of $874 million in the first quarter 2012 were 47% below the prior year period. Excluding CVA/DVA, Citi Holdings revenues were $786 million, 53% lower than the first quarter 2011. Negative revenues in the Special Asset Pool and Brokerage and Asset Management and lower revenues in Local Consumer Lending drove the decline in Citi Holdings revenues. The lower revenues also reflected the ongoing decline in assets in Citi Holdings. Total Citi Holdings assets declined $86 billion, or 29%, from the first quarter 2011, to $209 billion. Citi Holdings assets at the end of the first quarter 2012 represented approximately 11% of total Citigroup assets.
Citigroup's net income declined 2% from the first quarter 2011 to $2.9 billion. Excluding the impact of CVA/DVA and the net gain on minority investments, Citigroup net income was $3.4 billion, 8% higher than the comparable first quarter 2011 results. Operating expenses of $12.3 billion were essentially unchanged from the prior year period. Citigroup's cost of credit in the first quarter 2012 was 5% below the prior year period, as a $2.3 billion improvement in net credit losses was largely offset by a $2.2 billion reduction in net loan loss reserve releases.
Citigroup's total allowance for loan losses was $29.0 billion at quarter end, or 4.5% of total loans, compared to $36.6 billion, or 5.8%, in the prior year period. The $1.2 billion net release of credit reserves in the quarter was down 65% from the prior year period. Credit reserve releases in Citicorp of $588 million and in Citi Holdings of $576 million were 67% and 63% lower, respectively, than the first quarter 2011. Citicorp's decline in credit reserve releases reflected lower releases in North America GCB and a net credit reserve build primarily in international GCB (Asia, Latin America and EMEA) and Securities and Banking. The decline in Citi Holdings credit reserve releases was almost entirely due to the Special Asset Pool, where credit reserve releases were $55 million in the first quarter 2012, compared to $980 million in the first quarter 2011. Citigroup asset quality continued to improve as total non-accrual assets fell 25% to $12.3 billion compared to the first quarter 2011. Corporate non-accrual loans fell 46% to $3.0 billion and consumer non-accrual loans fell 6% to $8.7 billion. Consumer loans that were 90+ days delinquent, excluding the Special Asset Pool, fell 21% versus the prior year period to $9.1 billion, or 2.3% of consumer loans.
Citigroup's capital levels and book value continued to increase versus the prior year period. As of March 31, 2012, book value per share was $61.90 and tangible book value per share was $50.90, 6% and 9% increases, respectively, versus the prior year period end. Citigroup's Tier 1 Capital Ratio was 14.2% and its Basel I Tier 1 Common Ratio was 12.4%.
Citicorp revenues of $18.0 billion in the first quarter 2012 decreased 1% from the prior year period, largely reflecting the impact of the negative $1.4 billion of CVA/DVA. Excluding CVA/DVA, revenues were $19.4 billion, 6% higher than the first quarter 2011. Revenues grew across all of Citicorp's businesses: GCB, Securities and Banking (excluding CVA/DVA) and Transaction Services. Securities and Banking revenues, excluding CVA/DVA, were $6.7 billion, a 6% increase from the prior year period. North America GCB revenues grew 5% from first quarter 2011 to $5.2 billion and international GCB revenues grew 4% to $4.8 billion. Transaction Services revenues grew 7% to $2.7 billion.
Citicorp net income decreased 3% from the prior year period to $4.3 billion. The decrease largely reflects the 1% decline in reported revenues, primarily stemming from the impact of CVA/DVA in Securities and Banking, and higher credit costs due primarily to lower loan loss reserve releases. Excluding CVA/DVA, Citicorp net income increased 13% from the prior year period to $5.2 billion.
Citicorp cost of credit in the first quarter 2012 increased 13% from the prior year period to $1.7 billion. The increase largely reflects significantly lower credit reserve releases, which declined 67% to $588 million, partially offset by lower net credit losses, which at $2.2 billion were 32% lower than the first quarter 2011. The decline in net credit reserve releases was largely in GCB. Citicorp's consumer loans 90+ days delinquent fell 19% from the prior year period to $3.3 billion, and the 90+ days delinquent ratio fell 35 basis points to 1.2% of loans.
Citicorp operating expenses increased 1% year-over-year to $10.3 billion.
Citicorp end of period loans grew 12% versus the prior year period to $514 billion, with growth across all regions. Consumer loans grew 6% to $286 billion and corporate loans grew 23% to $228 billion, both versus the prior year period.
Global Consumer Banking
GCB revenues of $10.0 billion grew 5% year-over-year. Revenues grew 5% in North America GCB to $5.2 billion, while international GCB revenues grew 4% to $4.8 billion.
North America GCB revenues grew 5% to $5.2 billion driven by higher retail banking revenues that were partially offset by lower revenues from Citi-branded cards and Citi retail services (formerly retail partner cards). Retail banking revenues grew 37% to $1.6 billion from the first quarter 2011 largely due to improved results in mortgages. Citi-branded cards revenues declined 6% to $2.1 billion, and Citi retail services revenues declined 3% to $1.5 billion, both versus the prior year period. The lower results in cards primarily reflected lower average loan balances for both businesses as Citi-branded cards loans declined 2% and Citi retail services loans declined 5% from first quarter 2011, as well as lower yields in Citi-branded cards.
North America GCB net income was $1.3 billion, 41% higher than the first quarter 2011. The growth in net income was largely driven by higher revenues and a $743 million decrease in net credit losses that was partially offset by a $360 million reduction in credit reserve releases versus the prior year period. Operating expenses in the first quarter grew 3% from the prior year period to $2.3 billion largely due to ongoing investment spending in marketing partially offset by the absence of a litigation reserve taken in the prior year period.
North America GCB credit quality continued to improve as net credit losses fell $743 million, or 31%, to $1.6 billion compared to the prior year period. Net credit losses improved in Citi-branded cards, Citi retail services and retail banking. Delinquency rates in both cards and retail banking also generally improved across all delinquency buckets versus the prior year period. The total net credit reserve release in the first quarter 2012 was $841 million, $360 million lower than in the first quarter 2011.
International GCB revenues grew 4% to $4.8 billion versus the first quarter 2011. Compared to the prior year period, revenues grew 6% in Latin America to $2.4 billion and 5% in Asia to $2.0 billion, which more than offset a decline in EMEA revenues of 10% to $378 million. Latin America and Asia saw continued year-over-year growth in average loans and average deposits during the first quarter 2012.
International GCB net income fell 12% from the prior year period to $870 million primarily due to a net credit reserve build of $106 million in the first quarter 2012 compared to a net release of $216 million in the prior year period. While operating expenses in the first quarter 2012 grew 2% from the first quarter 2011 to $2.9 billion, international GCB achieved year-over-year positive operating leverage for the second consecutive quarter as year-over-year revenue growth outpaced expense growth.
International GCB credit quality improved modestly from the prior year period as net credit losses fell 3% to $649 million. The credit build of $106 million in the first quarter 2012 primarily reflected a reserve build in Latin America compared to a release of $216 million in the prior year period. EMEA and Asia GCB recorded small credit reserve releases in the first quarter 2012. Overall credit quality in international GCB improved even as loan portfolios continued to grow. 90+ days delinquency rates were generally lower across all products in all regions.
Securities and Banking
Securities and Banking revenues declined 12% from the prior year period to $5.3 billion. Excluding the impact of CVA/DVA, which was a negative $1.4 billion in the first quarter 2012 and a negative $229 million in the first quarter 2011, Securities and Banking revenues were $6.7 billion, 6% higher than the prior year period.
Fixed Income revenues of $4.7 billion in the first quarter 2012 (excluding a negative $1.1 billion of CVA/DVA) increased 19% from the prior year period. Fixed Income results primarily reflected strong performance in rates and currencies across all products and regions, as overall market conditions improved in the first quarter 2012 and client activity increased. Credit and securitized products were down versus the prior year period, largely reflecting lower risk levels in the business.
Equity Markets revenues of $902 million in the first quarter 2012 (excluding a negative $283 million of CVA/DVA) were 18% below the prior year period. The decline was largely related to lower industry volumes, particularly in cash equities.
Investment Banking revenues grew 2% from the prior year period to $865 million as growth in debt underwriting offset declines in advisory and equity underwriting revenues. Debt underwriting revenues increased 19% to $601 million compared to the first quarter 2011, driven by volume growth in certain products and gains in market share. Advisory revenues declined 23% to $110 million and equity underwriting revenues declined 25% to $154 million, each from the prior year period, reflecting market wide declines in activity levels in many products.
Lending revenues declined 78% from the prior year period to $56 million due primarily to a $504 million loss on hedges as credit spreads narrowed during the quarter.
Private bank revenues increased 11% to $570 million from the prior year period driven primarily by growth in North America lending and deposits, as well as stronger capital markets activity.
Securities and Banking net income was $1.2 billion in the first quarter, down 28% from the prior year period, largely reflecting the negative impact of CVA/DVA on reported revenues. Excluding CVA/DVA, net income was $2.1 billion, 13% higher than the first quarter 2011.
Transaction Services revenues were $2.7 billion, up 7% from the prior year period. Results reflected an 11% year-over-year growth in Treasury and Trade Solutions (TTS) revenues to $2.1 billion, partially offset by a decline of 4% in Securities and Fund Services (SFS) revenues to $689 million. TTS revenue growth reflected strong growth in average assets, particularly in trade finance, while the decline in SFS revenues reflected lower settlement volumes and the absence of a one-time gain in the prior year period.
Transaction Services net income of $917 million grew 10% from the first quarter 2011, reflecting the 7% revenue growth and operating expenses that grew only 3% to $1.4 billion. Transaction Services achieved positive year-over-year operating leverage in the first quarter 2012.
Transaction Services average deposits and other customer liabilities balances grew 6% year-over-year to $377 billion, and assets under custody remained flat at $13.0 trillion.
Citi Holdings revenues decreased 47% from the prior year period to $874 million. Excluding CVA/DVA, Citi Holdings revenues were $786 million, 53% lower than the first quarter 2011. The decline largely reflected the ongoing wind down of Citi Holdings assets, which ended the first quarter 2012 at $209 billion, 29% below the prior year period, as well as the absence of positive private equity marks recorded in the prior year period. Citi Holdings assets represented 11% of total Citigroup assets at the end of the first quarter. Negative revenues in the Special Asset Pool and Brokerage and Asset Management, combined with lower revenues in Local Consumer Lending, drove the decline in Citi Holdings revenues. Local Consumer Lending revenues of $1.3 billion fell 13% from the prior year period primarily due to the 24% decline in average loans. Special Asset Pool revenues were a negative $406 million versus a negative $7 million in the prior year period largely reflecting the 51% year-over-year decline in assets, the absence of positive private equity marks recorded in the prior year period and a reserve build related to private-label mortgage securitizations in the first quarter 2012. Brokerage and Asset Management revenues were a negative $46 million, compared to $137 million in the prior year period, largely reflecting higher funding costs and a decline in the equity contribution from the Morgan Stanley Smith Barney joint venture.
Citi Holdings net loss of $1.0 billion was generally flat with the prior year period. Operating expenses decreased 16% to $1.2 billion and credit costs fell 21% to $1.3 billion. The decline in operating expenses reflected lower asset volumes resulting from divestitures and run-offs.
Citi Holdings cost of credit decreased by $356 million, or 21%, year-over-year to $1.3 billion, driven by a 43% reduction in net credit losses to $1.7 billion, partially offset by a 63% reduction in the credit reserve release to $576 million. Credit improved in Local Consumer Lending with net credit losses declining 25% from the prior year period to $1.8 billion, partially offset by a 6% decrease in the credit reserve release to $520 million. The improvement in net credit losses was reflected across the international and North America portfolios in Local Consumer Lending. Year-over-year cost of credit in the Special Asset Pool increased $237 million as a decline in net credit losses of $688 million was offset by a decline of $925 million in the credit reserve release to $55 million in the first quarter 2012.
Citi Holdings allowance for credit losses was $12.7 billion at the end of the first quarter 2012, or 9.5% of loans, compared to $16.0 billion, or 8.9% of loans, in the prior year period. 90+ days delinquent loans in Local Consumer Lending decreased 21% to $5.8 billion, or 4.9% of loans.
Corporate/Other revenues increased $561 million year-over-year to $500 million, largely reflecting the net gain on minority investments, partially offset by the impact of hedging activities. The net gain on minority investments consisted of pre-tax gains of $1.1 billion and $542 million on the sale of Citi's remaining stake in the Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd. (HDFC) and its stake in Shanghai Pudong Development Bank (SPDB), respectively, offset by the pre-tax impairment charge relating to Akbank T.A.S. of $1.2 billion, each as previously announced.
Corporate/Other net loss was $380 million, compared to a loss of $439 million in the prior year period.
Citi, the leading global bank, has approximately 200 million customer accounts and does business in more than 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi provides consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with a broad range of financial products and services, including consumer banking and credit, corporate and investment banking, securities brokerage, transaction services, and wealth management.
Additional financial, statistical, and business-related information, as well as business and segment trends, is included in a Quarterly Financial Data Supplement. Both this earnings release and Citi's First Quarter 2012 Quarterly Financial Data Supplement are available on Citigroup's website at www.citigroup.com.
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Certain statements in this release are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. These statements are based on management's current expectations and are subject to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. Actual results and capital and other financial condition may differ materially from those included in these statements due to a variety of factors, including the precautionary statements included in this document and those contained in Citigroup's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including without limitation the "Risk Factors" section of Citigroup's 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
1All per share numbers throughout this release reflect Citigroup's 1-for-10 reverse stock split, which was effective May 6, 2011. Income available for EPS purposes reflects deductions for preferred stock dividends and restricted stock adjustments for employee plans.
2Credit valuation adjustments (CVA) on derivatives (excluding monolines), net of hedges, and debt valuation adjustments (DVA) on Citi's fair value option debt. For additional information, see Appendix A.
3See Corporate/Other and Appendix B.
4Tangible book value per share is a non-GAAP financial measure. See Appendix C for a reconciliation of this metric to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.